Pythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher who lived during the time of Buddha, around 570-495 BC. He was born on the island of Samos in the North Agean Sea.
Throughout his life, Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religious teaching, and is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist. But only fragments of his writings survive to give clues to all of his many philosophies, the most famous fragment being a compos-ite entitled the Golden Verses.
To those who listen to my teaching, more understanding will be given, and they will have an abundance of knowledge. Matthew 13:12
It was the standard belief in antiquity that Pythagoras undertook extensive travels for the sole purpose of accumulating knowledge and wisdom. In about 525 BC, he travelled to Egypt where he was admitted to the Egyptian priesthood. There, he spent twenty-two years studying under the high priests in the temples of Egypt.
Upon his return to the Mediterranean, Pythagoras founded Pythagoreanism, a religious movement within which education, science and religion were all perfectly unified. His mystery school, which stood on the southern coast of Italy, was called the Pythagorean Italic School.[i]
The Pythagorean School contained nine different temples to the different arts and sciences, including geometry, astronomy, music, medicine, philosophy, politics and especially mathematics. But his esoteric teachings were kept a profound secret. Candidates had to pass through a period of probation, in which their disposition and mental capacity was tested along with their ability to maintain silence.Those who were initiated into the movement established a select brotherhood for the purpose of pursuing the religious and ascetic practices he developed. These followers were called Esoterici - The Esoteric.
The experience of life in a finite, limited body is specifically for the purpose of discovering and manifesting supernatural existence. Pythagoras
The discovery of the Golden Ratio, which appears frequently in geometry, is attributed to Pythagoras. The ‘division of a line into extreme and mean ratio’ is important in the geometry of regular pentagrams and pentagons.[ii] It is interesting to note that he chose as the emblem for his society the shape of a pentagram inscribed within the shape of a pentagon.
Geometry has two great treasures: one is the Theorem of Pythagoras, and the other the division of a line into extreme and mean ratio. Johannes Kepler
There are five geometric shapes that have faces, edges and angles that are congruent. Named after the famous Pythagorean known as Plato, four of these Platonic solids include the tetrahedron, octahedron and icosahedron, all of which have a triangle on each side, as well as the cube, which has a square on each side. The Pythagoreans believed that the Universe is composed of four elements – air, fire, water and earth, and that the particles of each of these elements are in the shapes of these four Platonic solids.
They also believed that the Earth is surrounded by one solid, which is then surrounded by another solid, and so on. In other words, the Earth grid of electro-magnetic lines and vortexes is comprised of smaller grids, each of which is in the shape of a different Platonic solid.[iii]
But there is a fifth solid, called the dodecahedron, which has a pentagon on each of its 12 sides. The dodecahedron is by far the most difficult of the solids to construct because the drawing of the pentagon requires an elaborate application of the Theorem of Pythagoras for which he is best known.
But what is most interesting is that the Pythagoreans believed that the element that is in the shape of the dodecahedron is etheric Spirit, the original source of all things that arise in Space and Time. And it is this shape that surrounds Earth and the other four solids combined.
And when, after having divested yourself of your mortal body, you arrive at the most pure ether, you shall be a God. Pythagoras